European leaders are reinstating coronavirus restrictions as the new Omicron variant continues to spread through the continent. Nations including Germany and Portugal have announced post-Christmas curbs and greater social distancing measures.
Omicron is already the dominant strain in many European countries. The surge will push health systems towards the brink of collapse, the World Health Organization's top official in the continent has warned. Hans Kluge said "another storm" was coming and governments should brace for significant increases in cases.
Germany announced that from Dec 28, limits will return that restrict private gatherings to 10 people and nightclubs will close. Football matches from that date will also be played behind closed doors.
Portugal ordered bars and nightclubs to shut from Dec 26, and made working from home obligatory from that date until Jan 9. Outdoor gatherings would be limited to 10 people.
In the UK, Prime Minister Boris Johnson has ruled out any new restrictions for England before Christmas, but Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have all announced curbs on social mixing.
In Sweden, bars, cafes and restaurants will only be able to serve seated guests from Wednesday (Dec 22), and people are being asked to work from home if possible.
Health Minister Lena Hallengren said she expected Omicron cases to rise and warned the "the burden on the health care system is increasing".
The Netherlands has already brought in tighter restrictions, announcing a strict lockdown on Monday.
Europe has already seen more than 89 million cases and 1.5 million Covid-related deaths, according to the latest EU figures.